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Inflammation

Inflammation Pathophysiology of Inflammation Inflammation is the response of any living tissue to injury. Acute inflammation comprises of all the reactions that occur in the injured tissue within first few minutes to an hour of encountering an injury. This is caused by many immune and hormonal responses that result in the release of various mediators of inflammation. The release of mediators of inflammation will result in migration of many inflammatory cells to the site of [...]

Complications of Recurrent Lupus Activation

Complications of Recurrent Lupus Activation Pathophysiology of Lupus Usually the immune system attacks the various bacteria, viruses, and other invading foreign micro-organisms that enter one’s body and help prevent serious illness. In individuals with history of autoimmune conditions, the immune system mistakenly & repeatedly attacks and damages one’s own body tissues and organs. Lupus is an autoimmune condition, where one’s immune system attacks their own body tissues and organs. This attack by the immune system can [...]

Safety Instructions for Parkinson’s Patients

Safety Instructions for Parkinson’s Patients Driving Instructions for Parkinson’s Patients Driving promotes an individual’s personal freedom, control, and independence. Rigidity, sudden onset of episodes of freezing, and tremors in Parkinson’s patients can impair their ability for safe driving and increase risk for accidents. Slowed thought process in Parkinson’s patients can impair their ability to react quickly to road hazards, thus impairing quick application of brakes, timely turning of wheel, and slamming on the gas pedal [...]

Therapeutic Uses of Amitriptyline

Therapeutic Uses of Amitriptyline Major depression Amitriptyline increases the serotonin and noradrenaline concentrations and enhances their actions at the junction between nerve cells. This helps with contributing to increased alertness, enhanced memory & attention, and promotion of feelings of well-being, contentment, and happiness. This leads to relief from anxiety and control of depression symptoms. Bulimia nervosa Bulimia nervosa is an eating and emotional disorder involving distortion of body image and an obsessive desire to lose [...]

Exercises to Help Rehab after Knee Replacement Surgery

Exercises to Help Rehab after Knee Replacement Surgery Knee replacement surgery is usually performed in individuals with history of arthritis, such as, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gouty arthritis involving the knee. Also, knee joint could be replaced in individuals with severe damage to the joint due to accident & other physical injuries. Thus, wear and tear from excessive use, chronic inflammation and injury to the joint could all contribute to worn out articular cartilages. As [...]

How to Take Xarelto

How to take Xarelto Xarelto is an anticoagulant inhibiting some proteins that help clotting. Xarelto inhibits factor Xa, a very key factor, along the pathway of clot formation. Inhibition of factor Xa by Xarelto further leads to inhibition of formation of several other proteins along the clotting pathway, thus making the blood thinner and less likely to clot. Xarelto helps individuals with cardiac arrhythmias, such as, atrial fibrillation, by preventing formation of clot and consequent [...]

Walker Safety Precautions for Seniors

Walker Safety Precautions for Seniors If a senior on home health care service is using walker, nurses can use this teaching to educate them about the walker safety precautions. List of walker safety precautions- Clear all the cables and cords that can be on the way for the walker. They can entangle to the walker legs and lead to impaired balance and fall. Maintain the floor dry. Wipe any spillage immediately. Any wetness of the [...]

Indications For Using Metformin

Indications For Using Metformin Metformin is an oral medication used for blood sugar management, especially in patients with type-2 diabetes. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas in your body. Insulin helps with shifting the glucose in the blood into the cells of body tissues. This helps with regulating the blood sugar levels and providing nutrition to the cells of body tissues. Type-2 diabetes is a condition in which your body becomes resistant to [...]

Side Effects of Gabapentin

Side Effects of Gabapentin Rapid firing of nerve impulses is considered responsible for seizure activity and nerve pain. Gabapentin is a medication that affects certain neurotransmitters in the body, which are responsible for development of seizures/convulsions and nerve pain. Affecting these chemicals, gabapentin helps with reducing the excitation of the nerves. By reducing the excitation of nerves and firing of nerve impulses, gabapentin can help with reducing/prevention of seizure activity. Gabapentin can be used as [...]

Foods to be Avoided with Osteoarthritis

Patient Education on Foods to be Avoided with Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is a common form of arthritis in senior citizens and is the result of progressive wear and tear of the joint over the years. Osteoarthritis also has serious bearing with the nature of job due to the wear and tear on the joint, while performing the job. Individuals can benefit greatly by avoiding certain foods if they are suffering with osteoarthritis. We have provided a [...]