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Exercises to Help Prepare for Shoulder Replacement Surgery

Exercises to Help Prepare for Shoulder Replacement Surgery Pain in the joint can be a deterrent for participation in the exercise schedule. Taking a pain medication 30 minutes before the exercise schedule can help with better pain control and improved compliance with therapy. Placing an ice pack on the shoulder joint for 30 minutes before and after the therapy session can add to control of pain and swelling in the joint. These sets of exercises [...]

Choice of Foods for Consideration on Dialysis Diet

Choice of Foods for Consideration on Dialysis Diet Dialysis Diet Kidneys perform the function of urine formation and elimination of excess fluid, toxins and wastes from the body. In individuals with renal failure, the kidneys are underperforming or totally stopped functioning, by which excess water, electrolytes, toxins, and other wastes can get accumulated in the body. Dialysis is a process typically performed 2 - 3 times a week, for individuals in renal failure, when the [...]

Lifestyle Measures for Individuals with Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Lifestyle Measures for Individuals with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Pathophysiology of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Obstructive sleep apnea is a relatively more common type of sleep apnea, arising due to poorly functioning airway muscles in the throat. Appropriate tension in these muscles is needed to properly support anatomical structures in the throat, such as, the soft palate (the posterior portion of roof of the mouth), uvula (the soft tissue hanging from the soft palate in the back [...]

Side Effects of Using Escitalopram

Side Effects of Using Escitalopram General allergic reactions                                  Escitalopram use can result in general allergic reactions, such as, skin rashes, hives, and itching. Some patients can present with symptoms of severe allergic and anaphylactic response with escitalopram, such as, difficulty breathing, swelling of face, lips, throat, and tongue, with consequent difficulty breathing. Seek emergency medical help for such findings, especially with difficulty breathing, for any appropriate measures to be considered. Vision changes Escitalopram use can [...]

Inflammation

Inflammation Pathophysiology of Inflammation Inflammation is the response of any living tissue to injury. Acute inflammation comprises of all the reactions that occur in the injured tissue within first few minutes to an hour of encountering an injury. This is caused by many immune and hormonal responses that result in the release of various mediators of inflammation. The release of mediators of inflammation will result in migration of many inflammatory cells to the site of [...]

Complications of Recurrent Lupus Activation

Complications of Recurrent Lupus Activation Pathophysiology of Lupus Usually the immune system attacks the various bacteria, viruses, and other invading foreign micro-organisms that enter one’s body and help prevent serious illness. In individuals with history of autoimmune conditions, the immune system mistakenly & repeatedly attacks and damages one’s own body tissues and organs. Lupus is an autoimmune condition, where one’s immune system attacks their own body tissues and organs. This attack by the immune system can [...]

Safety Instructions for Parkinson’s Patients

Safety Instructions for Parkinson’s Patients Driving Instructions for Parkinson’s Patients Driving promotes an individual’s personal freedom, control, and independence. Rigidity, sudden onset of episodes of freezing, and tremors in Parkinson’s patients can impair their ability for safe driving and increase risk for accidents. Slowed thought process in Parkinson’s patients can impair their ability to react quickly to road hazards, thus impairing quick application of brakes, timely turning of wheel, and slamming on the gas pedal [...]

Therapeutic Uses of Amitriptyline

Therapeutic Uses of Amitriptyline Major depression Amitriptyline increases the serotonin and noradrenaline concentrations and enhances their actions at the junction between nerve cells. This helps with contributing to increased alertness, enhanced memory & attention, and promotion of feelings of well-being, contentment, and happiness. This leads to relief from anxiety and control of depression symptoms. Bulimia nervosa Bulimia nervosa is an eating and emotional disorder involving distortion of body image and an obsessive desire to lose [...]

Exercises to Help Rehab after Knee Replacement Surgery

Exercises to Help Rehab after Knee Replacement Surgery Knee replacement surgery is usually performed in individuals with history of arthritis, such as, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gouty arthritis involving the knee. Also, knee joint could be replaced in individuals with severe damage to the joint due to accident & other physical injuries. Thus, wear and tear from excessive use, chronic inflammation and injury to the joint could all contribute to worn out articular cartilages. As [...]

How to Educate or Practice Timed Voiding

How to Educate or Practice Timed Voiding Timed voiding pattern is a behavior therapy of bladder retraining. If patient is having urinary problems such as, incontinence, incomplete emptying of bladder, reduced bladder capacity, and frequent urge to urinate, it is important to know how to educate or practice timed voiding . This technique allows an individual to void and empty the bladder on a timely schedule, but not waiting for the urge to urinate. Upon [...]